States of India which are Facing Water Problems Most: Water is one basic need for all living beings. Groundwater is a significant source of irrigation and residential water in rural and urban areas. The level of groundwater in India has steadily decreased over time. Overexploitation of this valuable resource, however, has resulted in its depletion. Since 2017/18, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Karnataka, Haryana and Rajasthan have been experiencing a water crisis.
Here we have also listed the state like Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh and Jharkhand are the states in India which are facing water problems most.
Maharashtra, India’s third-largest state, stated that over 19,000 villages lacked access to drinking water last year. Water from dams and reservoirs in Maharashtra has been depleted due to the over-exploitation of groundwater.
Rajasthan, the country’s sole desert, is facing a groundwater shortage. The region’s drinking water problem began when the Jawai Dam, which supplies water to the Pali-Marwar area, dried up owing to a lack of rain during the previous monsoon. Furthermore, the rising temperature in Rajasthan and extreme heat wave-like situations in many areas of the state are causing severe water problems.
Gujarat is another state that is experiencing a severe drinking water problem. More than 500 villages in Gujarat’s 14 districts rely on tankers for their water. In Saurashtra, Kutch, and Northern Gujarat, the situation is far worse. The escalating heat waves in Gujarat have caused dams to dry out.
Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh
The two largest states in terms of land and population, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh are among a dozen states where the severity of the water crisis is not only huge but also problematic.
Bundelkhand, which spans 13 districts in Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh, is one of the Indian states most afflicted by the issue. People are compelled to trek kilometers to fetch a pitcher of water since the water table has dropped in certain locations.
According to research, India’s largest metropolis, Bangalore has 85 per cent of the water in the city’s lakes is only suitable for irrigation or industry usage but unsafe to drink. The water in any one lake is not clean enough to drink or bathe in. According to a government analysis, seepage from these pipes wastes more than half of the city’s drinking water.
Villages in Uttarakhand’s mountain state suffer water crises. According to the most recent report, water is in low supply in several parts of Uttarakhand. Water supplies are also drying up in Mussoorie and Nainital, where rainwater and springs are the only sources of drinking water in these areas, but the problem is made worse by less rainfall and less spring water. Obtaining fresh water for home purposes means walking over 1.6 kilometres for many villages in Uttrakhand. On the other hand, due to the increasing population in Haldwani, the problem of water scarcity has increased.
Shimla, Himachal Pradesh
In Shimla, the capital of Himachal Pradesh, the scenario is also the same in the hill station. Due to dwindling water supply, rapid population growth and the influx of tourists, the city receives only a few hours of water every day in the area.
Although Jharkhand is abundant in minerals, it is lacking in water resources. Several villages in Chaibasa, Ghatshila, Sahebganj, and even Ranchi, the state capital, are currently experiencing severe water shortages. Most hand pumps and taps are entirely dry, and some that are still functional throw mud instead of the water. Most areas in Jharkhand experience severe drought during the summer months, thus villagers are accustomed to travelling in search of water.